The Granada coastline is dotted with fortresses, castles and watchtowers which bear witness to the history of these lands. Its border location of the Nasrid kingdom of Granada in addition to the proximity of North Africa made it very vulnerable to attack. Both Moslems in the Middle Ages as well as the Christians from the 16th century onwards, were obliged to reinforce the coastline’s system of defence due to a constant onslaught of raids and attacks by pirates, corsairs and robbers who impoverished the local population. The defeat of the Turkish squadron at the battle of Lepanto, 1571 and the expulsion of the Moors in Granada in 1492 worsened the problem.
The itinerary we suggest enables visitors to discover towers, castles and watchtowers along the Costa Tropical which are in good condition and accessible to the public. Some of the buildings are open to visitors but all of them are of great historical and cultural interest.
Many are located in areas of outstanding natural beauty.
1.-Punta de la Mona Watchtower (18th century). Nowadays in use as the Marina del Este Lighthouse.
2.-La Herradura Castle (18thcentury). Situated a few metres from the beach.
3.-Almuñécar Castle (14th century). Open to visitors. Moslem and Christian fortress; contains Roman remains. Located in the San Miguel area of town.
4.-Galera Defence Watchtower (18th century). Artillery defence tower next to Tesorillo beach. Privately owned.
5.-Devil’s Watchtower (18th century). 70 metres above sea-level and with access from the main road, it stands on the hilltop overlooking Curumbico beach.
6.-Cambrón Watchtower (13th century). Example of a Nasrid building and is the oldest and narrowest of those to be found along the coastline. Located within the gardens of the Hotel Salobreña.
7.-Salobreña Castle (13th century). Open to visitors. Formerly the summer palace of the Nasrid kings of Granada and a prison for dethroned kings and later, a Christian military fortress.
8.-Carchuna Castle (18th century). A “frontal defence” fortification. Inside, a large rectangular courtyard served as a parade ground for troops around which the living quarters were located.
9.-Castell de Ferro Castle (14th century). Accessible on foot from the town centre. Excellent views of the bay.
10.-Baños Defence Tower (18th century). An artillery tower which has been cleverly restored. In the centre of the town, access from the main road.
11.-Cautor Watchtower (16th century). Access from the main road along a dirt track. Good views.
12.-La Rábita Castle (14th century). Situated in the middle of the town and in excellent condition.
13.-La Rábita Watchtower (18th century). Accessible on foot from the centre of town.yas de la Costa Tropical en pdf.