When talking about the flora in Salobreña, we must talk about extraordinary botanical contrasts. The first thing that attracts our attention when we come near it is how many different habitats can coexist in a relatively small terrain. The craggy walls of the south side, with vegetation that lives on the rocks, are only a few metres apart from the populated and fertile lowlands. This alluvial plain, created by the Guadalfeo River, stretches down on both sides of the rocky hill. The sugar cane plantations take up a very high percentage of the farming land, alternating with little market gardens and increasingly more extensive terrains of fruit trees.
Towards the west, the slopes become more rugged as we approach the coastline. The steepness of the cliffs, where the vegetation must endure very hard conditions (strong winds, unstable terrain, the lashing of the waves) only allows the most adapted plants like the golden dollar or the sea orach) to complete its cycle. On these masses of rock, a completely different kind of vegetation develops;
undulated forms follow each other towards the inlands, giving birth to the flora known as Mediterranean shrub or mount. It is a habitat dominated by woody bushes (rosemary, lavender, gorse, bolina) and a great amount of gramineae, dotted with big-sized carobs, and containing two jewels of the Mediterranean flora: the dwarf fan palm and the confetti tree.
If we carry on towards the north, we’ll see how the Mediterranean forest starts losing its purity, getting mixed with big extensions of fruit trees, which have been progressively replacing the almond tree plantations of ancient during the last years. The century plants and Indian figs, native to Central America but naturalized in the peninsula since several centuries, colonize the sides of the roads. The conifers are also represented by three species of pine tree: the Aleppo pine, the stone pine and the canary pine, which provide a vertical element to the landscape and sustenance for a numerous fauna. The urban environment in Salobreña incorporates a rich variety of plants from different places of origin in perfect harmony.